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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-猴痘疫情引发关注

2022-08-03 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

 学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


A World Health Organization committee of experts says the spread of monkeypox around the world is worrisome but does not constitute what the WHO calls a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

In early May, the World Health Organization was alerted to an outbreak of monkeypox in countries outside Africa, where this deadly disease has been circulating for decades. Since then, more than 3,200 confirmed cases and one death have been reported in more than 50 non-African countries.This has set alarm bells ringing as, until now, only sporadic cases of monkeypox have occurred outside Africa.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus calls the current outbreak an evolving health threat, noting the rapid spread of the disease into new countries and regions.He says the committee has agreed to reconvene another emergency meeting if appropriate.

WHO spokesman Christian Lindmeier says cases of monkeypox have spread to the European region, to the Americas, as well as the Eastern Mediterranean and West Pacific regions.

“In the endemic countries, we have seen children and women infected a lot and deaths occurring in the weaker communities and weaker populations."While questions regarding the monkeypox outbreak remain unresolved, WHO urges nations to remain alert and strengthen their ability to prevent transmission of the disease.

短文翻译

世界卫生组织的一个专家委员会说,猴痘在世界各地的传播令人担忧,但并不构成世卫组织所说的国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。

5月初,世界卫生组织接到了猴痘在非洲以外国家爆发的警报,这种致命的疾病在非洲已经传播了几十年。自那时以来,50多个非洲以外国家报告了3200多例确诊病例和1例死亡病例。这敲响了警钟,因为到目前为止,非洲以外只发生过零星的猴痘病例。

世卫组织总干事Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus称目前的猴痘病例是一种不断演变的健康威胁,并指出该疾病正迅速传播到新的国家和地区。他说,委员会同意在适当的情况下重新召开另一次紧急会议。世卫组织发言人克里斯蒂安·林德迈尔说,猴痘病例已经蔓延到欧洲、美洲以及东地中海和西太平洋地区。

“在流行国家,我们看到很多儿童和妇女感染,死亡发生在较弱的社区和较弱的人口中。”虽然有关猴痘疫情相关的问题仍未解决,但世卫组织敦促各国保持警惕,加强预防疾病传播的能力。

重点单词

World Health Organization (WHO)

世界卫生组织

committee of experts

专家委员会

monkeypox

猴痘

constitute [ˈkɒnstɪtjuːt]

v.构成

Public Health Emergency

公共卫生紧急事件

outbreak [ˈaʊtbreɪk]

n. 爆发

……the World Health Organization was alerted to an outbreak of monkeypox in countries outside Africa, where this deadly disease has been circulating for decades.

where引导定语从句,解释说明Africa:在非洲,这种致命的疾病已经传播了几十年

confirmed cases

确诊病例

alarm bell

警钟

This has set alarm bells ringing as, until now, only sporadic cases of monkeypox have occurred outside Africa.

as引导原因状语从句,其后是原因

an evolving health threat

一种不断演变的健康威胁(现在分词作定语)

disease [dɪˈziːz]

n.疾病

appropriate [əˈprəʊpriət]

adj.适当的

as well as

和……

infect [ɪnˈfekt]

v.感染

community [kəˈmjuːnəti]

n.群体

regarding ……

关于……

unresolved [ˌʌnrɪˈzɒlvd]

adj.未解决的

strengthen [ˈstreŋθn]

v.加强

prevent [prɪˈvent]

v.防止

transmit [trænzˈmɪt]

v.传播(同上文的spread)

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